REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Learning how to correctly reference in a bibliography the books, journal articles and online sources you use for writing essays or reports is an important part of academic writing and a skill that you will need to learn.
References in your essay should give the author(s) and the year of publication in brackets, for example 'as Giddens (1993) argues...'. The full reference of the book should then be given in an alphabetic bibliography at the end of the essay.
Below is an example of the standard format for referencing,
Authors surname, initial (year) Book Title, Place of Publication: Publisher.
Giddens, A (1993) Sociology, Cambridge:Polity Press.
These examples are taken from your course handbook and more details can be found from the following websites:
Go here for a useful set of online resources for sociology
While the world wide web can be an invaluable source of information, the majority websites are not governed by the same peer review or publication process as printed documents, with a little technical knowledge anyone can 'publish' something on the web and it is important to remember that information that you find may not be accurate or may be one personal opinion among many different ideas and arguments.
An important part of using the web for research is learning how to evaluate the usefulness of web sites based on a variety of criteria such as authorship, bias, source and content (in the same way that you evaluate printed resources).
The UCLA library website, here, provides a checklist to enable you to think critically about web resources and evaluate web sites for quality and relevancy.
For an explanation on writing sociological essays go here
Academic grammar here is a useful site to help social science students with writing essays
For some general advice on writing academic essays try here
For some tips on creating and structuring your argument try here